After negotiations with the Bolsheviks stall, the Alash Orda turn to the White Movement in Siberia. What they find are endless political factions, Cossacks, numerous battles with the Red Army, and a White Army coup.

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Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR by Adeeb Khalid

Central Asia: a New History from the Imperial Conquests to the Present by Adeeb Khalid

Kazakh Autonomy and Russia: the History of the Alash Movement by Dina A. Amanzholova

The “Russian” Civil Wars: 1916-1916 by Jonathan D. Smele

“The History of the Alash Party in the Context of the Impact on the Processes of Constitutional Acts” by Alima Auanasova, Erkesh Nurpeisov, Kamilla Auanassova, Ganizhamal Kushenova, and Nurlan Mukhlissov

Relationship of Alash-Orda and Provisional Siberian government. By VI Shishkin

About the Creation of the Alash State Аrmy by S. Akkuly

Caught Between Nationalism and Socialism the Kazakh Alash Orda Movement in Continuity by Yunus Emre Gurbuz

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