In this episode we discussed the Central Asian Revolt of 1916. This revolt is considered by some scholars to be the true beginning of the Russian Civil Wars as well as the beginning of the Central Asian Civil Wars.
The Central Asian Revolt occurred in 1916 and continued one way or another into 1917. It occurred all over Turkestan and was sparked by decades old administrative issues, the Russian settler’s “redistribution” of land and resources, and the Tsarist’s decision to conscription indigenous peoples (who up until that point that had been exemption of conscription). In this episode we focus specifically on the actions that took part in Jizzakh (where the revolt began) and the Kazakh and Kyrgyz Steppes (where it morphed into a fight for existence). We also provide a brief overview of some of the Russian administration’s decisions that led to the revolt and contextualize the revolt within both WWI and the Russian Civil Wars.
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Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent 1865-1923 by Jeff Sahadeo
Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR by Adeeb Khalid
Knowledge and the Ends of Empire: Kazak Intermediaries and Russian Rule on the Steppe, 1731-1917 by Ian W. Campbell Published by Cornell University Press, 2017
Russia and Central Asia: Coexistence, Conquest, Coexistence by Shoshana Keller Published by University of Toronto Press, 2019
Russia’s Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865-1924 by Seymour Becker, Published by RoutledgeCurzon, 2004
The “Russian Civil Wars” 1916-1926 by Jonathan Smele, Published by Oxford University Press, 2017
The Central Asian Revolt of 1916: a Collapsing Empire in the Age of War and Revolution editor: Alexander Morrison, Published by Manchester University Press, 2019